Richard III

Richard III's icon

Created by Biki.

Favorited 0 times, disliked 0 times, added to 0 watchlists.

Richard III (2 October 1452 – 22 August 1485) was King of England and Lord of Ireland from 1483 until his death in 1485. He was the last king of the House of York and the last of the Plantagenet dynasty. His defeat and death at the Battle of Bosworth Field, the last decisive battle of the Wars of the Roses, marked the end of the Middle Ages in England. He is the protagonist of Richard III, one of William Shakespeare's history plays.

When his brother Edward IV died in April 1483, Richard was named Lord Protector of the realm for Edward's eldest son and successor, the 12-year-old Edward V. Arrangements were made for Edward's coronation on 22 June 1483. Before the king could be crowned, the marriage of his parents was declared bigamous and therefore invalid. Now officially illegitimate, their children were barred from inheriting the throne. On 25 June, an assembly of lords and commoners endorsed a declaration to this effect and proclaimed Richard as the rightful king. He was crowned on 6 July 1483. The young princes, Edward and his younger brother Richard, Duke of York, were not seen in public after August and accusations circulated that they had been murdered on Richard's orders.

There were two major rebellions against Richard during his reign. In October 1483, an unsuccessful revolt was led by staunch allies of Edward IV and Richard's former ally, Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham. Then in August 1485, Henry Tudor and his uncle, Jasper Tudor, landed in southern Wales with a contingent of French troops and marched through Pembrokeshire, recruiting soldiers. Henry's forces defeated Richard's army near the Leicestershire town of Market Bosworth. Richard was slain, making him the last English king to die in battle. Henry Tudor then ascended the throne as Henry VII.

Richard's corpse was taken to the nearby town of Leicester and buried without pomp. His original tomb monument is believed to have been removed during the English Reformation, and his remains were lost, as they were believed to have been thrown into the River Soar. In 2012, an archaeological excavation was commissioned by the Richard III Society on the site previously occupied by Greyfriars Priory Church. The University of Leicester identified the skeleton found in the excavation as that of Richard III as a result of radiocarbon dating, comparison with contemporary reports of his appearance, and comparison of his mitochondrial DNA with that of two matrilineal descendants of Richard III's eldest sister, Anne of York. He was reburied in Leicester Cathedral on 26 March 2015. Wikipedia

Remove ads

Filter

  1. 1 new

    Richard III

    1908, in 0 top lists Check
  2. 2 new

    Jane Shore

    1911, in 0 top lists Check
  3. 3 new

    The Black Arrow

    1911, in 0 top lists Check
  4. 4 new

    Richard III

    1911, in 0 top lists Check
  5. 5 new

    Richard III

    1912 — a.k.a. The Life and Death of King Richard III, in 0 top lists Check
  6. 6 new

    Jane Shore

    1915 — a.k.a. The Eternal Strife, in 0 top lists Check
  7. 7 new

    Jane Shore

    1922, in 0 top lists Check
  8. 8 new

    The Show of Shows

    1929, in 0 top lists Check
  9. 9 new

    Tower of London

    1939, in 2 top lists Check
  10. 10 new

    The Black Arrow

    1948, in 0 top lists Check
  11. 11 new

    Richard III

    1955, in 5 top lists Check
  12. 12 new

    An Age of Kings: Richard III Part 1: The...

    1960, in 0 top lists Check
  13. 13 new

    An Age of Kings: Richard III Part 2: The Boar Hunt

    1960, in 0 top lists Check
  14. 14 new

    Tower of London

    1962, in 0 top lists Check
  15. 15 new

    König Richard III

    1964, in 0 top lists Check
  16. 16 new

    The Wars of the Roses

    1965, in 0 top lists Check
  17. 17 new

    La freccia nera

    1968, in 0 top lists Check
  18. 18 new

    Richard III

    1986, in 0 top lists Check
  19. 19 new

    The Wars of the Roses

    1989, in 0 top lists Check
  20. 20 new

    König Richard der Dritte

    1994, in 0 top lists Check
  21. 21 new

    Richard III

    1995, in 2 top lists Check
  22. 22 new

    Looking for Richard

    1996, in 1 top list Check
  23. 23 new

    Richard III

    2005, in 0 top lists
    Check
  24. 24 new

    La freccia nera

    2006 — a.k.a. Black Arrow, in 0 top lists Check
  25. 25 new

    Richard III

    2008, in 0 top lists Check
  26. 26 new

    The White Queen

    2013, in 0 top lists Check
  27. 27 new

    Richard III: The King in the Car Park

    2013, in 0 top lists Check
  28. 28 new

    Richard III: The New Evidence

    2014, in 0 top lists Check
  29. 29 new

    The Hollow Crown: Richard III

    2016, in 0 top lists Check
Remove ads

Last updated on Dec 18, 2019;